Like so many other Christmas traditions, the Advent calendar was also initiated by the Germans in the 19th century. There were different methods in use in order to count down the days until Christmas; many of which we still use today. However, there are also so many different ideas in use nowadays that we can barely count them, it all depends on how creative people are and whether they just go out to the store to get one (that other people might also purchase in the same time) or they make their own calendar in a more personalized manner. Today, from traditional calendars to ones that feature popular collectibles and themes, we can find, make or buy everything.
Before though, there was the custom of drawing a chalk line to mark off the days; later people lit a candle every night or put up small religious pictures marked each day until Christmas.
The first printed calendar was produced by Gerhard Lang (
These calendars were produced until the beginning of World War II, but than the production had been stopped due to war shortages. After the war, in 1946 the production of calendars was resumed by Richard Selmer. Selmer credits President Eisenhower with helping the tradition grow in the
It is called: Kulisse II (1952)